Smart systems and structures are now becoming an integral part of the life of a modern person. It is generally accepted that their main feature is not just knowledge but knowledge necessary to solve certain problems. Here is more about it.

The development of smart systems and structures

In the 21st century, intelligent systems actively and dynamically enter human life. Smart systems and structures are used by a person in all spheres of his life while significantly changing his living conditions. Today it is impossible to imagine a person outside the technosphere, the decisive factor of which is human activity, and the world of technology created by man is a necessary condition for life.

Smart systems refer to the category of information and computing systems with the necessary knowledge base, action algorithm, and intellectual support (software and instrumental support, algorithmic and mathematical support), as a result of which the system can work without the help of a specialist operator responsible for deciding on the action. A distinctive feature of intelligent systems is the presence of a database necessary for solving problems of various complexity – the choice, adoption, and execution of a decision.

It should be noted that the intelligent system is designed in such a way that it is capable of:

Today, many arguments favor the fact that smart systems can and should become the most important component in decision support systems, managing complex objects in modern production technology, and solving a wide range of economic problems.

Basic functions

A system is considered smart if it implements the following functions:

Types of smart systems and structures

Smart systems can issue a solution, as well as the decision to execute, to make a correction in the designed model. Due to the rapid development of computer technology, such a direction in smart systems, such as data mining based on mathematical methods, developed algorithms for forecasting, typology, creating clusters, etc., is intensively developing. The axiological aspect of such systems and smart structures is associated with assessing their place and role in people’s lives.

Different types of smart structures are distinguished depending on the basis of the concept of intelligence. Some of them can have formalized knowledge and the ability to work with them as a basis, and others are ways of human mental activity.

Since there is no generally accepted definition, it isn’t easy to classify intelligent information systems clearly. Let’s consider intelligent information systems from the point of view of the task being solved. We can distinguish control and reference systems, computational linguistics, recognition systems, game systems, and systems for creating intelligent information systems. At the same time, systems can solve not one but several problems or, in the process of solving one problem, several others.

Frameworks are indispensable tools for creating high-quality web applications. This guide will discuss the best of the various important Python web frameworks for e-commerce and their main features.

Common functions of frameworks

People far from the IT sphere believe it is enough to learn Python or Java and engage in development. But it is not enough to know one, two, or even three programming languages to create applications or web interfaces. Developers write code and use frameworks and libraries to work on their projects.

The essence of the framework lies precisely in the translation of the word. It is a special-purpose programming environment, a framework that greatly facilitates combining certain components when creating programs. Moreover, it is the basis for adding elements depending on your needs – the base on which you can build a program for any purpose quickly and without much difficulty.

The developers have noticed the same problems in web development, so they teamed up and created frameworks that offer us ready-made templates for us to use. As a result, frameworks exist to ease the development process and allow us to stay at the wheel.

Python frameworks are designed for:

So, these tools simplify the work of a programmer. They are made up of modules that are grouped and make it easy to create apps or websites. Modules – otherwise known as libraries – allow developers to use code from existing sources instead of writing everything from scratch.

The best Python frameworks for e-commerce

Following Python e-commerce GitHub, among the most suitable frameworks for there are:

It was developed 12 years ago but updated in 2020 to Django 3 with new features. It is a great framework for web developers and e-commerce because it provides the entire infrastructure for developing database-oriented websites that use user authentication, content administration, form processing, file uploads, etc. Data protection is one of the top priorities for Django creators. This framework has one of the best security systems and helps programmers avoid problems such as clickjacking, cross-site scripting (XSS attacks), or SQL injection.

It is a microframework for creating a simple and fast project in the Python programming language with the ability to scale to complex applications. Flask can be used to develop mock projects or small sites that do not need a complex backend, as well as APIs and complex e-commerce projects. The core of the framework can be scaled for different tasks. The developer must choose the libraries and tools he wants to use.

The service allows developers to create everything they need to securely manage databases and cross-platform mobile web applications with one click. This popular Python framework consists of two parts: a visible part that describes how the application looks and a functional part that explains how it interacts with users.

Its basis is the concept of RAD (rapid application development) – rapid application development. It allows programmers to quickly create high-quality products without spending too much effort or time. The framework is distinguished by large-scale functionality and performance.

It is an open-source web development framework that mainly uses the object-oriented paradigm. It has its own HTTP/1.1 compliant multiline Python WSGI web servers.

It is one of the best Python frameworks for rapid development. It offers controller modules and a setup framework that makes accessing data, uploading files, template engines, and handling sessions easy.

The article will discuss the role and functions of innovation in ensuring the sustainable existence and development of the business. Here you will find 5 common rules for successfully implementing innovations in your industry.

Business innovations: how to implement and benefit?

Business lives in conditions of hyper-competition. New offers appear on the market every minute, and consumer preferences change just as often. In a highly competitive environment, businesses seek ways to show the unique side that sets them apart. Some seek to improve existing products and maximize the attraction of customers with a favorable price-quality ratio, while other companies choose to innovate in production.

Innovation is a change in production by improving the technological, technical or organizational process. Its main criteria are manageability and compliance with the organization’s business strategies. Proper implementation of changes will allow them to become not only part of the company but also part of the mentality of the team.

In a broad sense, innovation is scientific discoveries, new technologies, the application of new approaches and techniques, new business models that discover previously hidden value, new markets, or even new user segments.

5 Rules to make it properly

Many business leaders emphasize that a global number of new ideas have been generated today. The problem lies in their choice and rational implementation. And this is possible in a team where there is team spirit, constant exchange of experience and ideas, and employees believe that all changes are for the better.

Without having an idea of ​​what result the introduction of innovations should bring, it isn’t easy to succeed. The systematic introduction of innovative solutions is a very difficult task; therefore, many companies fail to cope with it. Typically, companies try to implement innovative developments separately, but it is almost impossible to get a return on this. So, we have determined 5 basic rules on how to implement innovation in the workplace successfully. They are as follows:

1. The 30% rule

The essence of the rule is that at least 30% of the organization’s total turnover must come from new products. At the same time, you should not try to extend the life path of successful products. Even successful products become obsolete and need to be replaced with innovative solutions, something new.

2. Listen, look and ask

It extends not only to work with information that comes from customers but also to encourage the initiative of employees. If you listen carefully to customers and try to understand their problems, you will know what they demand in an innovative product. Likewise, encouraging the initiative of the organization’s staff creates a special climate that involves the introduction of innovation. An employee may come up with the craziest idea for the manager, but it is always worth listening carefully to the subordinate because it can be original.

3. The 15% rule

A company’s R&D staff can spend 15% of their time developing their initiatives. This rule gives the worker freedom, making it easier for him to generate ideas and test their effectiveness.

4. The rule of quantitative

Goals give employees more freedom, but that doesn’t change the need to set quantitative goals for them: if they are abandoned, it will be more difficult to move forward. The process of bringing new ideas to life in a company should be formalized.

5. Recurrence rule

This rule is that the effectiveness of innovation looks undulating. Therefore, when introducing new work methods, it is recommended to pay attention to the education and training of personnel.

Along with digital innovations, cyber attacks are increasing every year, and the issue of ensuring data security is becoming relevant. Moreover, attackers come up with more sophisticated methods of hacking. In such conditions, reliable mechanisms for ensuring cybersecurity are required. Here is more about cybersecurity types.

What is cybersecurity: main threats

What is cybersecurity in the modern world? Only some people will answer for sure. Meanwhile, this is, first of all, the protection of information in any form: personal, corporate data, company secrets – in general, everything that malefactors can use for their purposes. Threats increase every year.

Universal digitalization and unconditional advantages have brought high risks of data leakage into modern life, not intended for outdoor use. The leaders among the objects of hacker attacks are medical and government institutions and commercial organizations in the retail sector. The interest of cyber fraudsters in such databases is explained by the possibility of using the obtained information in their interests, usually associated with illegal methods of competition. Often the reason for hacking is the desire to receive compromising evidence on a specific person.

Varieties of cyber-attacks: the most popular tricks of scammers

The basics of cybersecurity in the information space understand what attacks can be. Knowing the types of cyber threats, you can better prepare to counter them. Consider the main types of cyber-attacks that users most often encounter.

How to protect the user?

To build a reliable security system, you must understand the basic ways to prevent cyber attacks.